First introduced at the time of the Licchavis A. According to various historical sources, even though the presence of varna and caste had been known as an element in the social structure of the Kathmandu Valley since the Licchavi period c.
Various existing and immigrant population of Kathmandu Valley have assimilated among the four varnas accordingly. It is believed that most of the existing indigenous people were incorporated under the Shudra varna of farmers and working-class population. Unlike the Hindu caste systems prevalent in Khas and Madhesi societies, the existence and influence of Buddhist "ex-monks" from ancient times in the Kathmandu Valley added a "double-headed" element to the Newar caste system.
The distinction between Hindu and Buddhist is largely irrelevant from here onward as the castes occupying the Shudra varna Jyapu and below do not differentiate between the either and profess both the religions equally and with great fervour. Majority of the Newars, in fact, participate in many of the observances of both religions. The Newar castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, are no less pollution-conscious than the Khas and the Madhesis.
Caste endogamy, however, which has been one of the main methods of maintaining status in India, is not strictly observed in Nepal by either the Newars or the Khasas.
The strictest rules governing the relations between members of different castes are those pertaining to commensality. Boiled rice and dal a sauce made of lentilsin particular, must not be accepted from a person of lower caste. Other rules further restrict social intermingling between the castes, but they tend to be treated more casually. The most successful attempt at imposing the caste system was made in the 19th century by Jung Bahadur Kunwar who was very keen to have his own status raised.
He became the first of the Ranas and his task was to establish the legitimacy of Ranas and secure his control over the land. He succeeded in introducing the caste system to a much greater degree and rigidity than Jayasthitimallathe Malla king had done just over five hundred years before him.
The last Newar noble to hold some power, Kaji Tribhuvan Pradhan, was beheaded in a court intrigue in A. The Newars, as a block, were reduced to the status of an occupied subject race, and except for a loyal family or two, they were stripped of their social status and economic foothold. Even Newar Brahmins who had been serving as priests for Newars lost ritual status vis-a-vis the "Hill Brahman", the Parbate Bahunsof the Khas people community.
The old Newar upper caste, the Shresthawere also reduced to Matawali status. Till A. In A. They were not admitted in the army till A. Economically, the position of the Newars was weakened by the diversion of Tibet trade from the Chumbi Valley route since s A. Although Jung Bahadur and his descendants were well disposed to a few clientele Newar families, the years of their family rule was not a golden age of Newar social history.
It was only those clientele Newar families patronized by the Ranas who succeeded in upgrading their social and economic status by imitating new norms of the Rana Durbar. As a consequence, among the Newars, caste has become more complex and stratified than among the non-Newar group.
This latter group may consider all Newar people to be equally Matawali, essentially placing all upper-caste Newars in the Vaishya varna and lower-caste Newars among the clean Shudras, but this has never been the perception of the Newars themselves.
Mongoloid people, thought generally to have Tibetan connections, are called "Sae n "  This term is said to be derived from an old Newari term for a Tibetan or, according to some, for Lhasa. This term has also been traditionally used as synonymous to the Tamangs whose habitat has been the surrounding areas of the Valley. It is widely believed that the present Rajopadhyaya Brahmins are the descendants of those immigrant groups.Thanks for the information bro.
We had collected the above information from the internet so we are not sure about the authenticity.Takealot cape town
But the information you provided will help others. Khattri is not thar. You may have another thari khattrians have many gotras. Magar Thapa It occurs in Basistha. Please provide right information to the people.
There are many bhandaris and have diffrent gotra and one of them is Vashistha gotra and are known as Thansinge Bhandari. Thansing is the name of a place near to Kathmandu in the north west about 30 kilo meter. There are Bhandaris in Bharadwaj gotra. They have been in Kathmandu valley and in elsewhere too. Some are in Kathmandu and from Gorkha, Liglige. Maybe other castes too were under some gotras, but except the two mentioned castes, the others no longer follow this system.
All Rajopadhyes are Bharadwaj, and all the Chhathare are Kashyaps. Although Joshis are considered in Bharadwaj because they are descended from the Rajopadhye Brahman and a non-Brahmin woman, and they are not considered as Brahmins by caste.
But gotras don't have special meanings to Newars as Rajopadhye marry within their gotra only. Similarly, the Chathariyas instead of their gotras, refer themselves ritually as Suryabanshi, Raghubhanshi, Patrabansh, etc.
The real rule for marriage for ALL Newars is the "7 or 10 generation" rule where one can only marry a person from the same caste who is 7 or 10 generations and over apart. Not all Rajopadhyayas are of Bharadwaj gotra.We malla thakuri, our gotra is Atri. Not only kashyap, Shrestha caste is very complex 6 thari, 5 thri, 4 thari and even between them they may share many different gotras.
Gotra asal ma kei hoina euta bhasha bolne eutei Chad parva manaune mahajati gorkhali lai vadkaune bahana Matra ho Samanta lyauna jaruri xa. Khatri chhetri ko gotra k ho plz koi lai thah cha vani vanus hai bhudjivi hru le mero mail ho rajulali90 gmail.
Pradhan Saba eutai haina, yo ta padabi mantra ho. Kul anusar gotra pharak huna sakchha. Mero name subash sunam hoo maila harek ghotra list heresake tara mero ghotra list vetina plz help me. Aren't Atri and Atreya same? Here in the list Arjel and Aryal are kept in two different Gotras but Arjel, Arjyel, Aryal are same caste or surnames improvised with time. What is the gotra of Aagri Shilpkar caste in uttrakhand. Do they belong to lohar or tamrakar community? I am Aatreya gotra.
Plz let me see forward to find upamannyeu gotra originated place n where r they found mostly in the caste of Newark??? Gautam surname vako khass ma kun gotra ho mathi taw gotame matra dehinxa taw hajurr?? List of Gotra and Thari. Gotra is the clan system.
Thakuri, Nepal's Royal Caste
At the birth, children get gotra from their father. But a girl gets transfer to her husband's gotra after her marriage. We can also see some rare examples of people changing their gotra doing some rituals. There are 49 established Hindu gotras today all of which are itself or evolved from those earlier eight gotras. Some sources say that there are khas surnames today. Like other Hindu communities, in Nepal too, marriage with sagotri is socially unacceptable. But, as education, awareness and desire to reform the system increases, today we can also see many cases of marrying with sagotri fighting with the society.
But there is always a debate whether marrying with sagotri is good or bad not only on traditional basis but also on scientific basis. List of Some popular gotras and Nepali surnames belonging to it Exceptions in the Gotra System 1.Here is the most comprehensive list of Nepali surnames and titles of various ethnic groups of Nepal. You are commenting using your WordPress.
You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Nepal Federalism Debate. Skip to content. Home About. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading This entry was posted in AnthropologyHistoryNepali surnamesUncategorized and tagged BahunbhojpuribrahmanChhetriGurungJanajatijirelJyapukamikayasthaKhadgilimbumadhesiMagarmaithilmuslimNepalNepalinepali surnameNewarPariyarRaiRajopadhyayarajputsherpaShresthasunarsunuwarsurnameTamangthakaliThakuriTharuYadav.
List of Gotras with Thar (surname, Lastname)
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Prerit Rajkarnikar says:. September 29, at pm. November 8, at am. Rahish Dumre says:. January 2, at pm. Mahima Chaudhary says:. April 16, at pm. July 17, at pm. Subhash Singh says:. August 11, at pm. Baral rajput in nepal ke ware me kux btao yar Baral thar wale 70 pandit hote he 15chhetri hote he 10rajput hote Main to Baral Rajput hoon.
Tek raj reule says:. August 14, at pm. Sandeep says:. August 31, at pm. Lekhak Simalti Pandey are Kashyap gotri. Migrated from Kumaun region of India around AD. Shiva Poudel says:. September 9, at am.
Naba Raj Pandey says:. September 15, at am. Raj Kumar Samal says:. January 1, at am. Mahan Panth says:.The Nepalese caste system is the traditional system of social stratification of Nepal.
The Nepalese caste system broadly borrows the classical Hindu Chaturvarnashram model consisting of four broad social classes or varna : BrahminKshatriyaVaishyaSudra. The caste system defines social classes by a number of hierarchical endogamous groups often termed jaat. This custom was traditionally only prevalent in the Hindu-Aryan societies of the KhasMadhesiand Newars.
However, since the unification of Nepal in the 18th century, Nepal's various indigenous nationalities and tribes "Adivasi Janajati" have been incorporated within the caste hierarchy, to varying degrees of success. Despite the forceful integration by the state into the pan-Hindu social structure, the ethnic indigenous groups and tribes do not necessarily adhere to the customs and practices of the caste system.
The social structure of caste-origin Hill Hindu or Khas groups is simple, reflecting only three groups in hierarchy, with the distinct absence of the Vaishya and Shudra varnas.Public announcement mp3 naira marley
The mother tongue of these groups is Nepali and its various dialects. The social structure of the caste-origin Madhesi Hindu aryan groups is complex, reflecting four varna groups with distinct hierarchical structure within them.
These various cultural groups belong to four distinct language groups: MaithiliBajika, BhojpuriTharu and Awadhi. This group presents a complicated social structure, not only reflecting the model of four Hindu varna categories, but is also clearly divided into two distinct religious groups: the Hindu and the Buddhist. Newars are divided internally into distinct cultural groups of over 25 occupational caste categories who share a common language mother-tongue Nepal Bhasa.
It was rooted in traditional Hindu Law and codified social practices for several centuries in Nepal. It was an attempt to include the entire Hindu as well as non-Hindu population of Nepal of that time into a single hierarchic civic code from the perspective of the Khas rulers.
Terai and Newar Brahmins and Kshatriyas were officially placed below their Khas equivalents.
Similarly, serious limitations and oversights of this code include the complete exclusion of the large middle-ranking Terai groups. Most notable contradiction is the inclusion of previously non-Hindu tribes "Adivasi Janajati" groups, as well as non-Nepalis including Muslims and Europeans into the hierarchical fold.
Terai — Brahmin referred in the code as Indian Brahmin. Tribes — GurungMagarRai and Limbu. The social values preached by the Muluki Ain, however, were providing restrictive, anachronic and out of step with the spirit of times.
These values were seen as a potent instrument of Rana political repression. After the Rana regime, caste rules relating to food, drink and intercaste marriage were openly louted but the Muluki Ain had not been abrogated. The legal recognition to caste and all the discriminatory laws made on the grounds of caste were ceased. The caste system is still intact today but the rules are not as rigid as they were in the past.Cooking dogs alive youtube
Ina law was passed making it illegal to discriminate against other castes led all castes to be equally treated by the law. Recent research has also shown that when it comes to Nepali people's impressions of social change, "Poverty, Human Resources and Region" explain more of the variation than "Ethnicity, Caste or Religious belonging" — i.
Participation of Khas-Brahmins in Civil Service is Their dominance is reflected in education, administration and economical activities of the nation.
Among those Brahmin and Chhetris together comprise the largest group in Nepal; however, they are not the majority Brahmins and Chhetris migrated east across the Himalayan hills, eventually settling as far as Bhutan. Together they actually comprise two religious castes of Hinduism rather than distinct ethnic groups. Brahmins, or Bahuns as they are called in Nepal, represented the priestly caste of Nepali society, and Chhetris, or Kshatriyas as they are called in Hinduism, were the ruling-warrior caste.
Brahmin and Chhetris live across the middle segment of Nepal, occupying the rich, fertile farmland of the Himalayan foothills. Culturally, Brahmin and Chhetris practice Hinduism and while variation in these practices occurs across Nepal, they share major religious holidays, like Dashain, Tihar and Shivaratri. They are the native speakers of Nepali, an Indo-European language and the national language of Nepal.
While many people do not speak Nepali as their mother tongue, Nepali is arguably the most important link language when two people from different parts of Nepal meet.
Great Himalaya Trails. You may like. Destinations Humla Humla is the most remote district in Nepal, and on View all. Download Trekking Permit Information. Plan Your Trek. Connect with us on.Ethnic groups of Nepal . Ethnic groups in Nepal are a product of both the colonial and state-building eras of Nepal. The groups are delineated using language, ethnic identity or the caste system in Nepal.
They are categorized by common culture and endogamy. Endogamy carves out ethnic groups in Nepal. Nepal's diverse linguistic heritage evolved from three major language groups: Indo-AryanTibeto-Burman languagesand various indigenous language isolates. According to the national census, ninety two different living languages are spoken in Nepal a ninety third category was "unspecified". Based upon the census, the major languages spoken in Nepal are NepaliMaithili and Bhojpuri.
Since Nepal's unification, various indigenous languages have come under threat of extinction as the government of Nepal has marginalized their use through strict policies designed to promote Nepali as the official language. Indigenous languages which have gone extinct or are critically threatened include Byangsi, Chonkha, and Longaba. Since democracy was restored inhowever, the government has worked to improve the marginalization of these languages.
Tribhuvan University began surveying and recording threatened languages in and the government intends to use this information to include more languages on the next Nepalese census. Nepali was the national language and Sanskrit became a required school subject. Children who spoke Nepali natively and who were exposed to Sanskrit had much better chances of passing the national examinations at the end of high school, which meant they had better employment prospects and could continue into higher education.
On the other hand, children who natively spoke local languages of the Madhesh and Hillsor Tibetan dialects prevailing in the high mountains were at a considerable disadvantage.
This history of exclusion coupled with poor prospects for improvement created grievances that encouraged many in ethnic communities such as MadhesiTharu and Kham Magar to support the Unified Communist Party of Nepal Maoist and various other armed Maoist opposition groups such as the JTMM during and after the Nepalese Civil War.
The negotiated end to this war forced King Gyanendra to abdicate in Issues of ethnic and regional equity have tended to dominate the agenda of the new republican government and continue to be divisive.
Today, even after the end of a year-old Maoist conflict, the upper caste dominates every field in Nepal.Db2 force application id
Specifically, Brahmin and Chhetri Indo-Aryan have advantages. Although Newars are low in numbers, their urban living habitat gives them a competitive advantage. Thus, Newars are at the top of the Human Development Index.
Ethnic groups in Nepal
From a gender perspectiveNewari women are the most literate and lead in every sector. Brahmin and Chhetri women have experienced less social and economic mobility compared to Newari women.
Specifically, Brahmin women experience less equality due to their predominately rural living conditions which deprives them of access to certain educational and healthcare benefits. Bahun and Chhetri castes form the historical topmost state elites' circle with the significant majority of leadership in executive, legislative, judicial, constitutional, local administrative bodies, bureaucracypolitical parties and social organizations. Hindu varna system highlights these castes as high castes and makes them favorable in higher social status due to favorable social norms, values, and laws.
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